According to natural geographical conditions, the Tejo River divides Portugal into two regions, the northern and southern. Northern Portugal has temperate mountains, and southern Portugal has lowlands and slabs.
In the northern part there are steep rocky shores, some of which are surrounded by narrow gullies with sandy beaches. The further south, the shores become smoother, more sandy, until they become dunes. The lagoon is in the south.
In the southern part of Portugal, just wherever the hills are from the rocks. They are characterized by karstic phenomena. At the very south, up to 900 m, volcanic mountains rises. In the north, crystalline mountains are predominantly mountains, carved in river valleys. In this region, the highest peak in Portugal is the Estrellas Mountains (up to 1991). The highest point in the country is the Azores (Peak Volcano – 2351 m).
Portugal is in a seismic zone. 1755 The earthquake in Lisbon is considered one of the strongest in the history of humanity. In his time, according to different calculations, he died from 30 to 70 thousand. people.
Soybeans are rich in brown soils. Mountains are mountainous, and in the central and southern parts of the country are brown and dark brown soils.
The most important mineral in Portugal is tungsten ore, the largest deposits of which are in the mountains of Estrela. There are also deposits of uranium ore, as far as the east is tin. The south is copper. There are also coal, asbestos, gold.
The climate is subtropical. The climate is heavily influenced by the warm North Atlantic and cold Canary currents. The highest rainfall in the year is observed on the western slopes of the highest ranges (1200-2500 mm), on the Spanish border much less (400-600 mm), in the south by 400-800 mm. Most of them are extinguished during the winter. In the mountains, snowy, snowy for several months. Winter is warm, by the sea in January, the average annual temperature is 8-11, in the middle of the winter 3-5 ° C.
Marine diseases do not really feel like it’s a river, the waves are formed only from skipping ships, so it’s safe to sail. is nice Some stretches of the river can be a blast, especially in the autumn and spring months. Traveling on the Douro River from Porto motorboats is organized by Feel Douro Company, with a wealth of information on their chartered charts on their page. www.feeldouro.com
You can travel in Portugal to book a tourist trip or organize a boat trip. The usual recommended travel period is 1-2 weeks. In a week’s time in Portugal, you can really take a great deal of exploring the famous Douro Valey, preserved by UNESCO, with a wealth of vineyards and wine farms. Images and impressions are unique. When you cross the river, a completely different perception of the environment floods, you will know the valleys and vineyards with your eyes. Wine farms (Quintas) are located in the valley of the river about 70km. During our trip, we drove about 170km from Porto and we went back.
We can swim about 200km (one way) to the Spanish border, with 5 impressive locks on the route to go and go. We traveled in October. from 20d to 30d At the beginning of the weather there was a bit of cold weather, about 18-20 degrees in the afternoon, but on the second half of the trip it went up and it was about 23-27 degrees.
The water temperature in the river at this time of year is about 19-20 degrees, so you can enjoy the pleasures of the water. We visited towns and villages, where there are many boutiques, cafes, souvenir shops, museums. We also explored several wine farms in the mountains.
Here you can enjoy the extraordinary river flutter from the top, hear the vineyards and have lunch, enjoying great dishes from local wines and chefs. We also had fun and comfortable picnic just on board.
The Feell Douro company offers a really good service, has 4 boats (2 33 ft. And 2 40 ft.) For self-propelled ride, as well as a couple of larger ships with their captain. When traveling, you will receive full information about the intended route, as well as additional cultural information.
The most convenient way to travel from 2 to 6 people per company, depending on the ship.
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